The Financial Resource Flows for Population Activities Report (FRFPAR) summarizes donor and domestic funding collected by the survey and monitors progress in achieving the financial resource targets agreed to at the ICPD. The FRFPAR report for 2009 showed the state of affairs regarding financing population assistance and achieving the ICPD targets in that year.
- In 2009, primary funds for international population assistance totalled $10.2 billion. If development banks' loans are added, the primary funds totaled $10.5 billion.
- Total primary funds, including those of development banks, increased considerably since the ICPD. But even the increases in funding do not meet current needs and costs, both of which have grown considerably since the targets were agreed upon in 1994. The levels of funding are way below the revised targets which were presented to the Commission on Population and Development in 2009 and which more accurately reflect today’s needs.
- In 2009, primary funds from the 22 developed countries and the European Union (members of OECD/DAC) totaled almost $9.5 billion. The top five donors were: the United States of America, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Germany and France accounting for 76 per cent of the primary funds in 2009.
- Population assistance from donor countries represented 7.78 percent of official development assistance (ODA) in 2009, up from 7.54 percent in 2008.
- According to the UNFPA/NIDI Resource Flows survey, a total of 151 countries and territories benefited from international assistance for population activities in 2009. Of the population assistance going to the five geographic regions, sub-Saharan Africa received the largest share of assistance (65 percent), followed by Asia and the Pacific (21 percent); Latin America and the Caribbean (8 percent); Western Asia and North Africa (4 percent); and Eastern and Southern Europe (2 percent).
- The majority of final donor expenditures for population activities went to STD/HIV/AIDS activities (68 percent); followed by basic reproductive health services (23 percent); family planning services (7 percent), and basic research, data and population and development policy analysis (2 percent). Funding for HIV/AIDS decreased for the first time in 2009. Funding for both family planning and basic reproductive health services continued to increase, but is still below the amount required to meet current needs.
- Developing countries are making efforts to mobilize domestic resources for population activities. However, current funding levels are still not adequate to cover the cost of population activities. Most developing countries continue to rely heavily on external assistance to finance programmes.